Books To Help You Appreciate Israel As The Apple of God’s Eye

(Compiled by Pastor David P. Craig)

Biographies and Histories of Jews Who Have Come To Faith In Jesus

Ernest Cassutto. The Last Jew of Rotterdam.

Jim Congdon. Jews and the Gospel at the End of History: A Tribute to Moishe Rosen.

Julia Fisher. Israel’s New Disciples: Why Are So Many Jews Turning to Jesus?

Elwood McQuaid. Halina: Faith In The Fire.

Elwood McQuaid. ZVI: The Miraculous Story Of Triumph Over The Holocaust.

Anita Pittman with Jan Markell. Trapped in Hitler’s Hell: A Young Jewish Girl Discovers the Messiah’s Faithfulness in the Midst of the Holocaust.

Andrew Klavan. The Great Good Thing: A Secular Jew Comes to Faith in Christ.

The Rose Price Story. A Rose From The Ashes.

To An Ancient People: The Autobiography of Rabbi Leopold Cohn.

Ruth Rosen. Controversy: The Unlikely Story of Moishe Rosen And The Founding of Jews For Jesus.

Matt Sieger, ed. Stories of Jews For Jesus.

Lorna Simcox. The Search.

Corrie Ten Boom. The Hiding Place.

Stan Telchin. Betrayed!

Ruth Tucker. Not Ashamed: The Story of Jews for Jesus.

Edith S. Wiegand. Out Of The Fury: The Incredible Odyssey of Eliezer Urbach.

Richard Wurmbrand. Tortured For Christ.

Historical and Prophetic Fiction

Tim LaHaye and Jerry B. Jenkins. Left Behind Series: (1) Left Behind; (2) Tribulation Force; (3) Nicolae; (4) Soul Harvest; (5) Apollyon; (6) Assassins; (7) The Indwelling; (8) The Mark; (9) Desecration; (10) The Remnant; (11) Armageddon; (12) Glorious Appearing; (13) Kingdom Come: The Final Victory.

Tim LaHaye and Jerry B. Jenkins. Before They Were Left Behind Series: (1) The Rising: Antichrist is Born; (2) The Regime: Evil Advances; (3) The Rapture: In The Twinkling of an Eye.

James Michener. The Source. (Not Christian based – but a lot of good accurate history)

Joel C. Rosenberg. Marcus Ryker Series: (1) The Kremlin Conspiracy; (2) The Persian Gamble; (3) The Jerusalem Assassin; (4) The Beirut Protocol.

Joel C. Rosenberg. The Last Jihad Series: (1) The Last Jihad; (2) The Last Days; (3) The Ezekiel Option; (4) The Copper Scroll; (5) Dead Heat.

Joel C. Rosenberg. David Shirazi Series: (1) The Twelfth Imam; (2) The Tehran Initiative ; (3) Damascus Countdown.

Ray Bentley and Bodie Thoene. The Elijah Chronicles: (1) On The Mountain of The LOrd; (2) The Threshing Floor; (3) The Cyrus Mandate.

Bodie Thoene. The Zion Diaries Series: (1) The Gathering Storm; (2) Against The Wind.

Bodie Thoene. The Zion Chronicles Series: (1) The Gates of Zion; (2) A Daughter of Zion; (3) The Return to Zion; (4) A Light to Zion; (5) The Key to Zion.

Bodie and Brock Thoene. The Jerusalem Chronicles Series: (1) When Jesus Wept; (2) Take This Cup; (3) Behold The Man.

Bodie and Brock Thoene. The Zion Covenant Series: (1) Vienna Prelude; (2) Prague Counterpoint; (3) Munich Signature; (4) Jerusalem Interlude; (5) Danzig Passage; (6) Warsaw Requiem; (7) London Refrain; (8) Paris Encore; (9) Dunkirk Crescendo.

Robert Whitlow. Chosen People Series: (1) Chosen People; (2) Promised Land.

Israel and The Church

Craig A. Blaising and Darrell L. Bock. Dispensationalism, Israel, and the Church: The Search for Definition.

Darrell L. Bock and Mitch Glaser, eds. Israel, the Church, and the Middle East: A Biblical Response To The Current Conflict.

Chad Brand, ed. Perspectives on Israel and the Church: 4 Views. (Robert L. Raymond presents the Traditional Covenantal view; Robert L. Thomas presents the Traditional Dispensational view; Robert L. Saucy presents the Progressive Dispensational view; and Tom Pratt presents the Progressive Covenantal view)

Michael L. Brown. Our Hands are Stained with Blood: The Tragic Story of the Church and the Jewish People.

Michael L. Brown. 60 Questions Christians Ask About Jewish Beliefs and Practices.

Jared Compton, ed. Three Views on Israel and the Church: Perspectives on Romans 9-11. (Advanced: Michael J. Vlach defends A Non-Typological Future Mass Conversion view; Fred G. Zaspel and James M. Hamilton defend A Typological Future Mass Conversion view; Benjamin L. Merkle defends A Typological Non-Future Mass Conversion view)

Stuart Dauermann. Converging Destinies: Jews, Christians, and The Mission of God.

Ronald E. Diprose. Israel and The Church: The Origins and Effects of Replacement Theology.

Craig A. Evans. A Handbook on The Jewish Roots of the Church.

Leslie B. Flynn. What The Church Owes The Jew.

Louis Goldberg, ed. How Jewish Is Christianity? 2 Views On The Messianic Movement.

Barry E. Horner. Future Israel: Why Christian Anti-Judaism Must Be Challenged.

Thomas Ice. The Case for Zionism: Why Christians Should Support Israel.

Walter Kaiser. Jewish Christianity: Why Believing Jews and Gentiles Parted Ways In The Early Church.

Gerald R. McDermott. Israel Matters: Why Christians Must Think Differently about the People of the Land.

Elwood McQuaid. The Zion Connection: Evangelical Christians And The Jewish Community…Destorying The Myths Forging An Alliance.

Amy-Jill Levine and Marc Zvi Brettler. The Bible With and Without Jesus: How Jews and Christians Read The Same Stories Differently.

J. Randall Price. What Should We Think About Israel?

Stan Telchin. Abandoned: What Is God’s Will for the Jewish People and the Church?

Sandra Teplinsky. Why Care About Israel? How the Jewish Nation Is Key To Unleashing God’s Blessings in the 21st Century.

Amir Tsafarti. Israel And The Church. An Israeli Examines God’s Unfolding Plans For His Chosen Peoples.

Michael J. Vlach. Has The Church Replaced Israel? A Theological Evaluation.

Israel’s History

Bill T. Arnold and Richard S. Hess. Ancient Israel’s History: An Introduction to Issues and Sources.

John Bright. A History of Israel.

David Brog. Reclaiming Israel’s History: Roots, Rights, and the Struggle For Peace.

F.F. Bruce. Israel and The Nations: The History of Israel from the Exodus to the Fall of the Second Temple.

F.F. Bruce. New Testament History: The Jews, The Romans, And The Church.

Danny Danon. Israel The Will To Prevail.

Charles Feinberg. Israel at the Center of History & Revelation.

Daniel Fuchs and Harold A. Sevener. From Bondage To Freedom: A Survey of Jewish History From The Babylonian Captivity To The Coming of the Messiah.

Daniel Gordis. Israel: A Concise History of a Nation Reborn.

David L. Hocking. Israel’s Right to The Land.

H. Wayne House, ed. Israel: The Land and the People: An Evangelical Affirmation of God’s Promises.

Paul Johnson. History of the Jews.

Flavius Josephus. Complete Works.

Walter C. Kaiser, Jr. History of Israel: From the Bronze Age Through The Jewish Wars.

Erwin W. Lutzer. Hitler’s Cross: How The Cross Was Used to Promote the Nazi Agenda.

Elwood McQuaid. It Is No Dream: Israel, Prophecy and History—The Whole Story.

Eugene H. Merril. A History of Old Testament Israel.

Dennis Prager. Why The Jews? The Reason For Antisemitism.

Ian Provan, V. Philips Long, and Tremper Longman III. A Biblical History of Israel.

Craig Von Buseck. I Am Cyrus: Harry S. Truman and the Rebirth of Israel.

Leon Wood. Israel’s History.

Leon Wood. The Prophets of Israel.

Jewish Apologetics and Evangelism

John Ankerberg. The Case for Jesus the Messiah.

Eitan Bar. Refuting Rabbinic Objections to Christianity & Messianic Prophecies.

Darrell L. Bock. To The Jew First: The Case for Jewish Evangelism in Scripture and History.

Darrell L. Bock and Mitch Glaser. The Gospel According to Isaiah 53: Encountering the Suffering Servant in Jewish and Christian Theology.

Andrew Alexander Bonar, R.M. McCheyne, et. al. Mission of Discovery: The Beginnings of Modern Jewish Evangelism.

Michael L. Brown. Answering Jewish Objections to Jesus: General and Historical Objections, Vol. 1.

Michael L. Brown. Answering Jewish Objections to Jesus: Theological Objections, Vol. 2.

Michael L. Brown. Answering Jewish Objections to Jesus: Messianic Prophecy Objections, Vol. 3.

Michael L. Brown. Answering Jewish Objections to Jesus: New Testament Objections Vol. 4.

Michael L. Brown. Answering Jewish Objections to Jesus: Traditional Jewish Objections, Vol. 5.

Michael L. Brown. The Real Kosher Jesus: Revealing the Mysteries of the Hidden Messiah.

Victor Buksbazen. The Gospel in the Feasts of Israel.

Mitch Glaser. The Gospel in the Passover.

Mitch Glaser. Isaiah 53 Explained.

Steven Barry Kaplan. The Green Velvet Missionary: God Stories From A Jewish Believer.

John MacArthur. The Gospel According To God: Rediscovering the Most Remarkable Chapter in the Old Testament.

Randy Newman. Engaging with Jewish People: Understanding their world; sharing the good news.

David Parker, ed. Jesus, Salvation and the Jewish People: The Uniqueness of Jesus and Jewish Evangelism.

Moishe Rosen. Yshua: The Jewish Way To Say Jesus.

Moishe Rosen and Ceil Rosen. Witnessing To Jews: Practical Ways To Relate To The Love of Jesus.

Barry Rubin. You Bring The Bagels, I’ll Bring the Gospel: Sharing the Messiah with Your Jewish Neighbor.

Avi Snyder. Jews Don’t Need Jesus & Other Misconceptions.

Tuvya Zaretsky. He Said then She Said: Helping Jewish-Gentile Couples Find Spiritual Harmony.

Theological Helps in Understanding Israel In God’s Plan

Ray Bentley. The Holy Land: Unlocking End-Times Prophecy Through The Lives of God’s People In Israel.

Paul Benware. Understanding End Times Prophecy (Revised and Expanded)

D. Jeffrey Bingham and Glenn R. Kreider. Dispensationalism and the History of Redemption: A Developing and Diverse Tradition.

D. Jeffrey Bingham and Glenn R. Kreider. Eschatology: Biblical, Historical, and Practical Approaches.

Craig A. Blaising and Darrell L. Bock. Progressive Dispensationalism.

Darrell L. Bock and Mitch Glaser. Messiah in the Passover.

Darrell L. Bock and Mitch Glaser. The People, The Land, And The Future of Israel: Israel And The Jewish People In The Plan of God.

Darrell L. Bock, Elliott Johnson, et al. Three Central Issues in Contemporary Dispensationalism: A Comparison of Traditional & Progressive Views.

Chad Brand, ed. Perspectives on Israel and the Church: 4 Views. (Robert L. Raymond presents the Traditional Covenantal view; Robert L. Thomas presents the Traditional Dispensational view; Robert L. Saucy presents the Progressive Dispensational view; and Tom Pratt presents the Progressive Covenantal view)

David Brickner. Christ in the Feast of Tabernacles.

David Brickner and Rich Robinson. Christ in the Feast of Pentecost.

David Brickner. Future Hope: A Jewish Christian Look at the End of the World.

Michael L. Brown. The Real Kosher Jesus: Revealing the Mysteries of the Hidden Messiah.

Gary Burge. Jesus and The Jewish Festivals.

Jared Compton, ed. Three Views on Israel and the Church: Perspectives on Romans 9-11. (Advanced: Michael J. Vlach defends A Non-Typological Future Mass Conversion view; Fred G. Zaspel and James M. Hamilton defend A Typological Future Mass Conversion view; Benjamin L. Merkle defends A Typological Non-Future Mass Conversion view)

Christopher Cone, Ron J. Bigalke Jr., et al. Dispensationalism Tomorrow and Beyond: A Theological Collection in Honor of Charles C. Ryrie.

John S. Feinberg, ed. Continuity and Discontinuity (Essays in Honor of S. Lewis Johnson, Jr.: Perspectives on the Relationship Between the Old and New Testaments. (Advanced)

Arnold G. Fruchtenbaum. Footsteps of the Messiah: A Study of the Sequence of Prophetic Events.

Arnold G. Fruchtenbaum. Israelology: The Missing Link In Systematic Theology.

A.C. Gaebelein. The Jewish Question.

Benjamin L. Gladd. From Adam and Israel to the Church: A Biblical Theology of the People of God.

Mitch Glaser. God’s Plan and Purposes for the Jewish People.

Ed Hinson and Thomas Ice. Charting the Bible Chronologically: A Visual Guide to God’s Unfolding Plan.

Mark Hitchcock. Blood Moons Rising: Bible Prophecy, Israel, and the Four Blood Moons.

Mark Hitchcock. Iran and Israel: Wars and Rumors of Wars.

Mark Hitchcock. ISIS, Iran, Israel: And The End of Days.

Mark Hitchcock. Showdown with Iran: Nuclear Iran and the Future of Israel, the Middle East, and the United States in Bible Prophecy.

Mark Hitchcock. The End: A Complete Overview of Bible Prophecy and the End of Days.

Barry E. Horner. Eternal Israel: Biblical, Theological, and Historical Studies that Uphold the Eternal, Distinctive Destiny of Israel.

Kevin Howard and Marvin Rosenthal. The Feasts of the Lord: God’s Prophetic Calendar from Calvary to the Kingdom.

David Jeremiah. The Book of Signs: 31 Undeniable Prophecies of the Apocalypse.

Elliott Johnson. A Dispensational Biblical Theology.

Walter C. Kaiser, Jr. Mission in the Old Testament: Israel as a Light to the Nations.

Barney Kasdan. God’s Appointed Times: A Practical Guide for Understanding and Celebrating the Biblical Holidays.

Tim LaHaye and Thomas Ice. Charting the End Times: A Visual Guide to Understanding Bible Prophecy.

Tim LaHaye and Ed Hinson. Target Israel: Caught In The Crossroads Of The End Times.

David L. Larsen. Jews Gentiles and the Church: A New Perspective on History and Prophecy.

Alva J. McClain. The Greatness of the Kingdom: An Inductive Study of the Kingdom of God.

Gerald R. McDermott, ed. The New Christian Zionism: Fresh Perspectives on Israel and the Land.

Robert McKenzie. Identifying the Seed: An Examination and Evaluation of the Differences between Dispensationalism and Covenant Theology.

Elwood McQuaid. The Outpouring: Jesus in The Feasts of Israel.

Zola Levitt. The Seven Feasts of Israel.

Benjamin L. Merkle. Discontinuity to Continuity: A Survey of Dispensational and Covenantal Theologies.

Sam Nadler. Messiah In The Feasts of Israel.

J. Dwight Pentecost. Things To Come: A Study in Biblical Eschatology.

J. Dwight Pentecost. Thy Kingdom Come: Tracing God’s Kingdom Program and Covenant Promises Throughout History.

Randall Price. Jerusalem in Prophecy: God’s Stage For The Final Drama.

Randall Price. The Temple And Bible Prophecy: A Definitive Look At Its Past, Present, And Future.

Ron Rhodes. Israel On High Alert: What Can We Expect Next In The Middle East?

Ron Rhodes. The 8 Great Debates of Bible Prophecy: Understanding the Ongoing Controversies.

Ron Rhodes. The End Times In Chronological Order: A Complete Overview to Understanding Bible Prophecy.

Rich Robinson. Christ in the Sabbath.

Ceil Rosen and Moishe Rosen. Christ in the Passover.

Michael Rydelnik. The Messianic Hope: Is The Hebrew Bible Really Messianic?

Michael Rydelnik and Edwin Blum. The Moody Handbook of Messianic Prophecy: Studies and Expositions of the Messiah in the Old Testament.

Charles Ryrie. Dispensationalism.

Robert Saucy. The Case For Progressive Dispensationalism: The Interface Between Dispensational and Non-Dispensational Theology.

Bruce Scott. The Feasts of Israel: Seasons of The Messiah.

Renald E. Showers. The Coming Apocalypse: A Study of Replacement Theology vs. God’s Faithfulness in the End Times.

Renald E. Showers. The Sign Of His Coming: Understanding the Olivet Discourse.

Renald E. Showers. There Really Is A Difference: A Comparison of Covenant and Dispensational Theology.

Renald E. Showers. What On Earth Is God Doing? Satan’s Conflict With God

Stan Telchin. Messianic Judaism Is Not Christianity: A Loving Call To Unity.

Amir Tsafarti. The Day Approaching: An Israeli’s Message of Warning and Hope for the Last Days.

Amir Tsafarti. The Last Hour: An Israeli Insider Looks at the End Times.

Michael J. Vlach. Dispensationalism: Essential Beliefs and Common Myths.

Michael Vlach. He Will Reign Forever: A Biblical of the Kingdom of God

Michael Vlach. Premillennialism: Why There Must Be A Future Earthly Kingdom of Jesus.

John Walvoord. Armageddon, Oil, and Terror: What the Bible Says about the Future.

John Walvoord. Israel in Prophecy.

John Walvoord. The Nations, Israel and the Church in Prophecy.

William C. Watson. Dispensationalism Before Darby: Seventeenth-Century and Eighteenth-Century English Apocalypticism.

Stephen J. Wellum and Brent E. Parker. Progressive Covenantalism: Charting A Course Between Dispensational and Covenantal Theologies.

Wesley R. Willis, John R. Master, et al. Issues in Dispensationalism.

Leon Wood. The Bible & Future Events: An Introductory Survey of Last-Day Events.

Andrew M. Woods. The Coming Kingdom: What Is The Kingdom and How Is Kingdom Now Theology Changing The Focus of the Church?




 (Adapted from Lewis Sperry Chafer’s Systematic Theology: Vol. IV; C3)

(1) THE EXTENT OF BIBLICAL REVELATION With respect to primary application, Israel occupies nearly four-fifths of the text of the Bible. The Church with respect to primary application, occupies slightly more than one-fifth.
(2) THE DIVINE PURPOSE Every covenant, promise, and provision for Israel is earthly. Every covenant or promise for the Church is for a heavenly reality, and she continues in heavenly citizenship when the heavens are recreated.
(3) THE SEED OF ABRAHAM  In view of the fact that Abraham is not only the progenitor of the nation of promise but is also the pattern of a Christian under, it is significant that there are two figures employed by Jehovah respecting Abraham’s seed—the dust of the earth (Gen. 13:16), and the stars (Gen. 15:5; cf. Heb. 11:12). The extent of this Abrahamic covenant is expressed in Romans 4:16: “That is why it depends on faith, in order that the promise may rest on grace and be guaranteed to all his offspring—not only to the adherent of the law but also to the one who shares the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all.” Aside from Ishmael’s line and the children of Kiturah concerning whom there is no revealed divine purpose, the children of Jacob, or Israel, and without reference to Esau, are counted as the physical seed (cf. Gen. 22:2; Heb. 11:17) of Abraham; for with these God has made covenants respecting their earthly privilege. Contrariwise, the heavenly seed of Abraham are not progenerated by Abraham, but are generated by God on the efficacious principle of faith; and, because of the truth that this faith was exercised specifically by Abraham (Gen. 15:6; Rom. 4:1-3, 17-24), those of like faith are Abraham’s spiritual seed. It is written, “So then, those who are of faith are blessed along with Abraham, the man of faith” (Gal. 3:9). A vital distinction is drawn by the the Apostle between Israel after the flesh and that portion of Israel within Israel who are saved.Those who are saved are styled “the Israel of God” (Gal. 6:16), and the statement that “they are not all all Israel, which are of Israel” ( Rom. 9:6) is a reference to the same distinction. The use of these passages to prove Israel and and the Church to be the same is deplored in the light of the truth which these Scriptures declare.
(4) BIRTH Israelites become what they are by physical birth. They are each one begotten by parents and their inheritance is transmitted by human generation. Christians become what they are by spiritual birth. They are begotten directly by God and are therefore His legitimate offspring. Their inheritance is immediate in that each is a child of God.
(5) HEADSHIP Abraham is the head of the Jewish race, and they are properly designated as “the seed of Abraham.” Though born of Gentile stock, Abraham was set apart by God to the high honor of being the progenitor of the elect earthly people. Over against this it may be said of Christians, though when magnifying the element of faith they are called “Abraham’s seed” (Gal. 3:29), God is their Father and by the Spirit they are joined to Christ and He, the resurrected Lord, is their new federal Head.
(6) COVENANTS God has made unconditional covenants with His earthly people. He will yet make a new covenant with them when they enter their kingdom. That new covenant will govern their conduct and will supersede the Mosaic covenant of the Law (cf. Jer. 31:31-33; Deut. 30:8). This new covenant for Israel will be in four parts. These four features are the present blessings of the Church. This heavenly people are sheltered under a new covenant made in His blood. It is individual in its application and everlasting. It is individual in its application and everlasting. It guarantees every divine grace upon those who believe in Christ in Christ as Savior.
(7) NATIONALITY Israel belongs to the earth and to the world-stem. Though above all nations in Jehovah’s reckoning, they are still in the world as one of its nations. Over against this and forming the strongest contrast is the fact that the Church is composed of all nations, including Israel, and sustains no citizenship here, but instead the believers are strangers and pilgrims.
(8) DIVINE DEALING The fact that, in the present age, Israelites, like Gentiles, are shut up to their individual responsibility respecting claims of the gospel, doubtless misleads those who do not consider the wide range of human history which the Bible covers. They fail to realize that the present divine arrangement is exceptional and that God has in other ages dealt with nations—especially Israel—as a whole. The present arrangement is restricted to the one age in which responsibility is altogether personal.
(9) DISPENSATIONS The earthly people, though their estate may vary, are present in the earth in all ages from the beginning in Abraham on into eternity to come. The Church is restricted to the present dispensation. The dispensation now operative itself is characterized by her presence in the world. It was introduced for her sake; and is therefore unrelated to that which goes before or that which follows.
(10) MINISTRY Israel was appointed to exercise an influence over the nations of the earth (cf. Ps. 67:1-7), and this will yet do perfectly in the coming age; nevertheless there was no missionary undertaking and no gospel proclaimed. Israel maintained her self-centered worship. She faced inward toward the tabernacle or temple and all her benevolence was consumed on her own worship. Immediately upon her formation, the Church is constituted a foreign missionary society. It is her obligation to face outward and to those of her company is given the task of evangelizing the people of the earth in each generation.
(11) THE DEATH OF CHRIST That nation which demanded the death of Christ and who said by their officials, “His blood be on us, and on our children,” is guilty of that death; yet they will be saved as a nation on the ground of that sacrifice. A present and perfect salvation to the praise of God is the portion of the Church through the offering of the Lamb of God.
(12) THE FATHER To Israel God is known by His primary titles, but not as Father of the individual Israelite. In distinction to this, the Christian is actually begotten of God and has every right to address Him as Father.
(13) CHRIST To Israel, Christ is Messiah, Immanuel, and King with all that those appellations imply. To the Church, Christ is Savior, Lord, Bridegroom, and Head.
(14) THE HOLY SPIRIT Only in exceptional instances and for unusual service did the Holy Spirit come upon an Israelite, and the Spirit withdrew as freely as He came, when the purpose was accomplished. The strongest contrast is to be seen here, in that the Christian is indwelt by the Spirit; in truth, he is not saved apart from this relation to the Spirit (Rom. 8:9).
(15) A GOVERNING PRINCIPLE For fifteen centuries the Law was Moses was Israel’s rule of daily life. It is written: But the steadfast love of the Lord is from everlasting to everlasting on those who fear him, and his righteousness to children’s children, to those who keep his covenant and remember to do his commandments” (Ps. 103:17-18). Unlike this, the members of Christ’s Body, being wholly perfected in Him, are under the beseechings and directions which grace provides.
(16) DIVINE ENABLE-MENT The law system provided no enabling power for its achievement. That system is declared to have failed because of the weakness of “the flesh” to which it was evidently addressed (Rom. 8:3). To the Church, however, as certainly as superhuman requirements are laid on her members, so certainly as superman requirements are laid on her members, so certainly supernatural power is provided for every demand. It is on this account the Apostle could say “Sin shall not have dominion over you.” The reason, of course, is that “ye are not under the law, but under grace” (Rom. 6:14).
(17) TWO FAREWELL DIS-COURSES Several days before His departure from the world, Christ addressed a farewell discourse to the nation of Israel which contemplated her future and that in its relation to His return (Matt. 23:37-25:46). Quite removed from this snd wholly different in all its features, Christ, the night before He was put to death, gave His parting message to the Christians. When these two addresses are contemplated side by side, it is seen that the widest distinction are indicated between Israel and the Church.
(18) THE PROMISE OF JESUS’ RETURN As seen in His words specifically addressed to Israel, Christ returns as her King in power and great glory, at which time she will be gathered from every part of the earth by angelic migration into her own land (Deut. 30:1-8; Jer. 23:7-8; Matt. 23:31). Over against these great events promised to Israel is the return of Christ for His own Bride, when He takes her with Him into heaven’s glory (John 14:1-3). The contrasts between these two situations may be drawn out to great lengths and with equally great profit.
(19) POSITION Isaiah declares, But you, Israel, my servant, Jacob, whom I have chosen, the offspring of Abraham, my friend; you whom I took from the ends of the earth, and called from its farthest corners, saying to you, “You are my servant, I have chosen you and not cast you off”; fear not, for I am with you; be not dismayed, for I am your God; I will strengthen you, I will help you, I will uphold you with my righteous right hand (41:8-10). Though individuals in Israel attained to great usefulness, as did the prophets, priests, and kings, yet they never reached a higher distinction than when they were servants of Jehovah. Contrariwise, the individuals who compose the Church are forever in Christ and are members in the family and household of God.
(20) CHRIST’S EARTHLY REIGN Those of the elect nation are appointed to be subjects of the King in His earthly kingdom (Ezek. 37:21-28). Those who comprise the Church are to reign with the King as His Consort in that kingdom (Rev. 20:6).
(21) PRIESTHOOD The nation of Israel had a priesthood. The Church is a priesthood.
(22) MARRIAGE As a nation, Israel is likened by Jehovah to His wife—a wife untrue and yet to be restored (Jer. 3:1, 14, 20; Ezek. 16:1-59; Hos. 2:1-23; Isa. 54:1-17; cf. Gal. 4:27). In marked distinction to this situation respecting Israel, is the revelation that the Church is to Christ as one espoused and to be married in Heaven (2 Cor. 11:2; Rev. 19:7-9).
(23) JUDGMENTS It is clearly predicted that Israel must come into judgment (Ezek. 20:33-44; Matt. 25:1-13). It is clearly declared that the Church will not come into judgment (John 5:24; Romans 8:1).
(24) POSITION IN ETER-NITY In his enumeration of the inhabitants of the new Jerusalem the writer to the Hebrews asserts that there shall be those present who are identified as “the spirits made perfect.” Such can easily refer to the saints of the OT who, while in this life, were styled just men. This designation occurs upwards of 30 times in the OT and always with reference to those who were in right relation to God. In this same enumeration of the inhabitants of the new Jerusalem there is recognition also of the “church of the firstborn” (Heb. 12:22-24).
CONCLUSION In concluding this extended series of contrasts between Israel and the Church, it should be observed that, in certain respects, there are similarities between these two groups of elect people. Each, in turn, has its peculiar relation to God, to righteousness, to sin, to redemption, to salvation, to human responsibility, and human destiny. They are each witnesses to the Word of God; each claim the same Shepherd; they have doctrines in common; the death of Christ avails in its own way for each; they are alike loved with an everlasting love; and each, as determined by God, will be glorified.
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